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This prison houses more than double its nominal capacity of 1,000 inmates. [9] By 1923, the city was elevated to capital of the Belgian Congo, replacing the town of Boma in the Congo estuary. Elle est la ville - province la plus peuplée du pays avec une population de 8 096 254 habitants, et 9 343 416 pour l’agglomération Kinshasa-Brazzaville, elle est également la plus grande ville d'Afrique sub-saharienne et la deuxième agglomération d'Afrique sub-saharienne derrière celle de Lagos. Kinshasa hieß bis Mitte der 1960er Jahre Leopoldville und hat wie das ganze Land eine wechselvolle und blutige Geschichte. [32] Critics, including recently[when?] How does Brazzaville compare to Kinshasa? In the 1990s, a rebel uprising began, which, by 1997, had brought down the regime of Mobutu. In Kinshasa ist das vorrangige Ziel der Verantwortlichen die Erarbeitung eines neuen Konzepts für den öffentlichen Personennahverkehr, das vor allen Dingen wirksame Incentives für die Beteiligung privater Investoren bieten soll. US$ zur Finanzierung von Infrastrukturprojekten vereinbart. The completion of the Matadi-Kinshasa portage railway, in 1898, provided an alternative route around the rapids and sparked the rapid development of Léopoldville. Gelegentlich wird eine Delegationsreise von Deutschland aus im Rahmen der Mittelstandsförderung des Bundeswirtschaftsministeriums (BMWi) veranstaltet – so zuletzt 2016 mit 20 deutschen Unternehmen vorwiegend aus dem Bereich Bergbauausrüstungen. In January some 284 tonnes of goods were exported from the ports of Boma and Matadi, via the railway, and 711 tonnes in February, then 1,058 tonnes in March, 684 tonnes in April, 818 tonnes in May and 853 tonnes in June. [29], The head of Kinshasa ville-province has the title of Gouverneur. Demographics Quality of living Environment Transportation General info. Bitte senden Sie in diesem Fall eine E-Mail an den Administrator. Kinshasa. Cookies helfen uns bei der Bereitstellung unserer Dienste. Auch dieser fiel vier Jahre später – genau 40 Jahre nach der Ermordung Lumumbas – einem Attentat zum Opfer. Kommentar document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a93526aba36eb77ffb87cfd6c43ec9b0" );document.getElementById("a37e65f9bf").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Ich erkläre mich mit der Verarbeitung meiner Daten gemäß Datenschutzbestimmungen einverstanden. [17] Nevertheless spontaneously developed areas have in many cases extended the grid street plan of the original city.[14]. But this line lost large shares of the market, following its lamentable state, insecurity on the rail (some trains are attacked) and the rehabilitation of the road along the rail in 2000. It included city states that agglomerate with its neighbouring countries. Joseph Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 2001-2019, was not overly popular in Kinshasa. The Mission Française d'Urbanisme drew up some plans in the 1960s which envisioned a greater role for automobile transportation but did not predict the city's significant population growth. It faces Brazzaville, the capital of the neighbouring Republic of the Congo, which can be seen in the distance across the wide Congo River, making them the world's second-closest pair of capital cities after Rome and Vatican City. Musik wird von den Kinois als wichtiges Mittel des „interkulturellen Dialogs“ praktiziert, und die Stadt beherbergt eine Vielzahl von Aufnahmestudios für junge aufstrebende Musiker und Pioniere des „afrikanischen Jazz“. [70], These children have been the object of considerable outside study. Hinweis:Bitte beachten Sie unsere Blogregeln. [14] The quality of roads has improved somewhat, developed in part with loans from China, since 2000. The city has recently[when?] [64][65][66] Previously a significant number were civil war orphans. It describes many of the new neighborhoods as slums, built in unsafe conditions with inadequate infrastructure. Sie haben jederzeit die Möglichkeit, die Nutzung Ihrer Daten zu widerrufen und diesen Eintrag löschen zu lassen. Jahrhundert, Megacities in Afrika: Johannesburg – ein Schmelztiegel im Wandel, Megacities in Afrika: Luanda zwischen Kolonialflair und Wolkenkratzern, Megacities in Afrika: Lagos auf dem Weg in die Moderne, Absatzchancen für deutsche Firmen in Schlüsselbranchen, Produktstrategien für Afrika: Erfolgreiche Unternehmen dank angepasster Strategien, Chancen für Anlagenbauer in Afrika: Vielfältige Finanzierungswege – Möglichkeiten für Kooperationen, Kommentare zu diesem Artikel als RSS-Feed abonnieren. Camille Dugrand, “Subvertir l’ordre? The line reopened in September 2015 after around a decade without regular service. Adrien Mombele, a.k.a. Nevertheless it has city subdivisions and is divided into 24 communes (municipalities), which in turn are divided into 369 quarters and 21 embedded groupings. Urban renewal projects have led in some cases to violent conflict and displacement. Directed by Pr Léon Tshilolo, paediatrician and haematologist, Monkole Hospital opened a 150-bed building in 2012 with improved clinical services as laboratory, diagnostic radiology, intensive care, neonatal unit, family medicine, emergencies unit and a larger surgical area. According to the Commercial Corporation of Transport and Ports (SCTP), the Matadi-Kinshasa Railway (CFMK) has the highest transport of goods in import, 8 746 tonnes in January, 11,318 tonnes in February 10,032 tonnes in March, 7,244 tonnes in April, 5,024 tonnes in March and 7,745 tonnes in June. [55], Some sources say that Kinshasa is extremely dangerous, with one source giving a homicide rate of 112 per 100,000 people per year. Der von den Franzosen 2014 vorgelegte Plan (Schéma d’orientation stratégique de l’agglomération kinoise – SOSAK) umfasst eine Planungsperiode von 15 Jahren bis 2030 und legt Priorität auf den Ausbau des Straßennetzes und des öffentlichen Personennahverkehrs zwischen Gewerbe- und Wohnbezirken für die stetig wachsende Bevölkerung. The Matadi–Kinshasa Railway connects Kinshasa with Matadi, Congo's Atlantic port. Diese Artikel könnten Sie ebenfalls interessieren: Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. River transport also connects to dozens of ports upstream, such as Kisangani and Bangui. In 2017, some 2.2 million tonnes of cement were produced by the two new start-up companies, PPC Barnet and Kongo Cement Factory (CIMKO). Trente ans après la publication de l’Atlas de Kinshasa, "Giant dam projects aim to transform African power supplies", Commission Électorale Nationale Indépendante, "La Cartographie Electorale des 26 Provinces—Kinshasa", "KINSHASA, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO", "Building commons to cope with chaotic urbanization? The announcement in 2016 that a new election would be delayed two years led to large protests in September and in December which involved barricades in the streets and left dozens of people dead. The BBC is also available in Kinshasa on 92.6 FM. Aurélie Fontaine, "Housing: Kinshasa is for the rich”; Jonny Hong, "Gang crime threatens the future of Congo's capital". [24], In 2005, 55% of households had televisions and 43% had mobile phones. 68. points. Since the Second Congo War, the city has been striving to recover from disorder, with many youth gangs hailing from Kinshasa's slums. The median household spending was $1,555, 66 cents per person per day. The indigenous people of the area include the Humbu [fr] and Teke. High prices have spread outward from the central area as owners and renters move out of the most expensive part of the city. Notable features of the city include the Gecamines Commercial Building (formerly SOZACOM) and Hotel Memling skyscrapers; L'ONATRA, the impressive building of the Ministry of Transport; the central market; the Tour de l'Echangeur. Weitere Maßnahmen betreffen die Modernisierung bestehender Wohngebiete sowie die Förderung von Erholungszonen und kulturellen Einrichtungen auf dem gesamten Stadtgebiet. [3] It is also the world's largest Francophone urban area (surpassing Paris in population), with French being the language of government, schools, newspapers, public services, and high-end commerce in the city, while Lingala is used as a lingua franca in the street. The monthly tonnage of exported goods reached only 1,000 tonnes in the month of March 2018. In the 2010s, street children or "Shegués", often orphaned, are subject to abuse by the police and military. (Kinshasa), K.-V. (Kasa-Vubu), Ling. Auch der Straßenbau wird von der deutschen Entwicklungshilfe unterstützt sowie auch der Wiederaufbau der Flussschifffahrt im Kongobecken im Rahmen der Internationalen Kommission für das Kongobecken. Kinshasa's dry season is slightly cooler than its wet season, though temperatures remain relatively constant throughout the year. In Kinshasa sind traditionell einige deutsche Institutionen ansässig, so vor allem die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), die KfW Entwicklungsbank, die Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR), außerdem die beiden Stiftungen Konrad Adenauer und Hanns Seidel sowie das Goethe-Institut. Il ne resterait donc « que » 40 millions d’euros à trouver chez divers investisseurs. Several international airlines serve Ndjili Airport including Kenya Airways, South African Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, Brussels Airlines, Air France and Turkish Airlines. Among the poor, more than half of this spending goes to food, especially bread and cereal.[14]. In 1966, Léopoldville was renamed Kinshasa, for a village named Kinshasa that once stood near the site, today Kinshasa (commune). [56] Another source cites a homicide rate of 12.3 per 100,000. Im Rahmen der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit ist Deutschland ein wichtiges Partnerland der DR Kongo, zuletzt mit Neuzusagen in Höhe von rund 153 Mio. In den letzten Jahren wurden bereits mehrere bilaterale Entwicklungsorganisationen mit Planungsstudien für Kinshasa beschäftigt. Once a site of fishing and trading villages, Kinshasa is now a megacity with a population of about 16 million. [9] Kinshasa suffered greatly from Mobutu's excesses, mass corruption, nepotism and the civil war that led to his downfall. Under the Köppen climate classification, Kinshasa has a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw). [47], The state-controlled Agence Congolaise de Presse news agency is based in Kinshasa, as well as several daily and weekly newspapers and news websites, including L'Avenir (daily), La Conscience, LeCongolais (online),L'Observateur (daily), Le Phare, Le Potentiel, and Le Soft.[48]. So hat Deutschland Mitte 2016 über die Botschaft in Kinshasa den Gebervorsitz im Wassersektor der DR Kongo von UNICEF übernommen, zur Unterstützung der kongolesischen Regierungsmaßnahmen im Bereich Wasserversorgung, Hygiene und Abwassermanagement. The port, called 'Le Beach Ngobila' extends for about 7 km (4 mi) along the river, comprising scores of quays and jetties with hundreds of boats and barges tied up. Brazzaville. Kongo-Brazzaville, der kleine Nachbar der Demokratischen Republik Kongo, fördert jeden Tag Hunderttauende Barrel Öl. Neben einigen historischen und statistischen Daten werden vor allem die laufenden und geplanten Vorhaben im Bereich der Infrastruktur der drittgrößten Millionenstadt Afrikas vorgestellt. the US ambassador to the UN,[33] have accused the peacekeeping mission of supporting a corrupt government. [61] Of the estimated 20,000 children living on Kinshasa's streets, almost a quarter are beggars, some are street vendors and about a third have some kind of employment. 63. points. [14], The housing market has seen rising prices and rents since the 1980s. [11][50] The high prices leave incoming refugees with few options for settlement besides illegal shantytowns such as Pakadjuma. [22] Gombe uses water at a high rate (306 liters per day per inhabitant) compared to other communes (from 71 l/d/i in Kintambo down to 2 l/d/i in Kimbanseke). Background", Kinshasa: a travers le centre ville, May 2015, Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation,, Democratic Republic of the Congo–Republic of the Congo border crossings, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles containing Lingala-language text, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles needing additional references from April 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Institut Supérieur d'Architecture et Urbanisme, Institut Supérieur de Publicité et Médias. [46] There are also Muslim mosques. Thus much of the urban structure has developed without guidance from a master plan. [68] There are also second generation street children:[69] "they referred to their sub-culture of violence as kindoubill". Kinshasa is the largest officially Francophone city in the world[26][27][28] although Lingala is widely used as a spoken language. Sports, especially football and martial arts are popular in Kinshasa. Kinshasa. The river is an important source of hydroelectric power, and downstream from Kinshasa it has the potential to generate power equivalent to the usage of roughly half of Africa's population. The east-west road network linking the more distant neighborhoods is weak and thus transit through much of the city is difficult. (Kalamu), Kin. Big manufacturing companies such as Marsavco S.A., All Pack Industries and Angel Cosmetics are located in the centre of town (Gombe) in Kinshasa. of State – Congo, Democratic Republic of the Country Specific Information", "Nonstate Policing: Expanding the Scope for Tackling Africa's Urban Violence", Prisons in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Des milliers de détenus s’évadent de la prison de Kinshasa en RD-Congo, Evasion à la prison de Makala en RDC: plus de 4600 détenus seraient en fuite, "Congo's children battle witchcraft accusations", "A night on the streets with Kinshasa's 'child witches, "Danballuff – Children of Congo: From War to Witches(video)", "Africa Feature: Around 20,000 street children wander in Kinshasa", "Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children", "Beaten and discarded, Congo street children are strangers to mining boom", "What Future? Der Eisenbahnbau löste eine starke Wachstumsphase für die neue Stadt aus, verstärkt durch den Bau einer Ölpipeline (1914) von Matadi bis zum Hafen. Emizet Francois Kisangani, Scott F. Bobb, "China, People's Republic of, Relations with"; Bill Freund, "City and Nation in an African Context: National Identity in Kinshasa”; Andy Morgan, "The scratch orchestra of Kinshasa", J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 777. This is in contrast to African cities further north featuring this climate where the dry season typically begins around December. Vor allem Infrastrukturmaßnahmen werden durch deutsche Entwicklungshilfe gefördert. Ce pont offrirait de nombreux avantages : relier Kinshasa par le rail au port en eaux profondes à Pointe Noire plutôt qu’au port fluvial, moins profond, de Matadi. The Boulevard du 30 Juin (Boulevard of 30 June) links the main areas of the central district of the city. Nevertheless, it is still a major cultural and intellectual centre for Central Africa, with a flourishing community of musicians and artists. The estimates for 2005 fell in a range between 5.3 million and 7.3 million. In 1914, a pipeline was installed so that crude oil could be transported from Matadi to the upriver steamers in Leopoldville. Sie möchten über die neuesten Blogartikel, Publikationen und Veranstaltungen zur Region Subsahara-Afrika informiert werden? Das Land selbst wurde 1971 in „Republik Zaire“ (bis 1997) umbenannt.

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